ACMG June 2005

The following are the recommendations of the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG) Professional Practice and Guidelines Committee, convened to assist health care professionals in making decisions regarding genetic diagnosis and testing. The purpose of this document is to provide a brief overview of fragile X syndrome (FXS), and to make recommendations that can serve as general guidelines to aid clinicians in making referrals for diagnostic and carrier testing for this condition. Fragile X syndrome is the most common cause of inherited mental retardation and is caused by a mutation in the X-linked FMR1 gene. DNA studies are used for testing individuals with symptoms of FXS and individuals at risk for carrying the mutation. Genotypes are determined by examining the size of the trinucleotide repeat segment and the methylation status of the FMR1 gene. These guidelines supersede the 1994 ACMG statement of the same name.